Java is a versatile and powerful programming language capable of a huge variety of software development tasks. This article will detail what Java is, the benefits of Java programming, how to hire dedicated Java developers, where to hire programmers and address frequently asked questions.
What Is Java?
Java is a programming language released by Sun Microsystems in 1995. Despite the language was created back in 1995 it is still actively used nowadays. Statistical data speak in favor of it. According to the 2020 Stackoverflow survey, Java is in the 5th position among all the software development technologies.
The language is multi-platform, object-oriented, network-centric and it can be used as a platform in itself. It’s also free to use for personal use and development.
It’s typically used for server-side development and has been a popular choice for web development for over two decades. Games and applications on Android, desktop allocations, cloud data storage, etc. Java application field is so broad that we can certainly say that almost every person used the results of Java developers’ work. Application of Java also spreads to:
- Big data;
- Machine learning;
- Robotic medicine, and other.
Its popularity is not limited to web apps however. As VDC Research explains “Java remains the #1 language for security, analytics, blockchain, data management, microservices and more.”
Advantages of Hiring a Java Developer
There are numerous advantages to hiring Java developers. These include gaining the benefits of Java’s cross-platform capabilities, broad use cases, large ecosystem of active users, scalability, security, stability and ease of use.
Furthermore, millions of software engineers run more than 60 billion Java Virtual Machines worldwide, so when you hire Java programmers you have a wide pool of quality talent available.
What Kinds of Projects Can Be Implemented in Java?
Java can be used for development projects in the following areas: mobile, desktop, web, games, smart devices, distributed applications, cloud-based applications, big data processing, enterprise development and more.
Top Companies Using Java
There’s no shortage of household names in tech that use Java for software development. Some notable companies that use Java include Google, Spotify, Netflix, Airbnb, Meta (for Instagram), Amazon and Uber.
Responsibilities of Java Developer
In 2021 there are about 9.4 million Java developers on the globe. This figure keeps growing daily. Before you determine what developer of this great number you precisely need, you should clearly understand the project tasks you want this person to accomplish.
Core responsibilities of a Java developer might include:
- Creation of application design and logic;
- Testing and revealing probable bugs;
- Debugging and tweaking to the operational state;
- Project implementation;
- Technical project support on all the stages.
Depending on your project specifics, the scope of the developer’s responsibilities of a developer can increase, decrease and vary in terms of complexity. We’ll go into more detail about specific skills for the role below.
Hard and Soft Skills of Java Developers
When you hire Java developers it’s worth evaluating both their hard and soft skills. Hard skills refers to quantifiable technical skills, while soft skills relate to character traits and interpersonal skills.
The importance of hard skills for a software engineer is self-explanatory, but soft skills are also vital for a team member to effectively work with other people.
Tech skill set required for a Java developer
Below we’ll list the hard skills and soft skills you’ll want to look for in a Java developer for hire, starting with an analysis of hard skills. The list of skills can be increased depending on the particular requirements of your project.
Knowledge of Java
To hire the best Java programmer you should ensure they have sound knowledge of the language and concepts such as list, loops, variables and control structures.
Experience of applying Java build tools: Maven and Gradle
Build automation tools enable the automation of tasks when creating, executing and testing programs. To save time and resources in Java-based programming, developers should have a handle on commonly used build tools such as Maven or Gradle.
Experience with Java libraries
Java has a large contingent of libraries and effectively leveraging the use of them is essential for getting the most out of the language.
Experience with Java frameworks
Java frameworks, which have pre-written code, make building Java apps fast and easy, and are therefore a core area of knowledge for top Java developers. Spring frameworks are one of the most commonly used, due to the versatility of Spring, but there is a range of options available.
Knowledge of object-oriented programming basics and coding patterns
Java is built around the notion of objects and a full understanding of object-orientated programming enables problems to be solved easily, with greater productivity and ease of scalability, among other benefits.
Knowledge of Java testing tools: Selenium and TestNG
The testing framework TestNG and automation testing tool Selenium enable developers to cut down on maintenance costs and optimize the testing process.
Basic knowledge of HTML layout
While client-side languages such as HTML is not the bread and butter of a Java programmer, understanding the language and layouts helps a Java programmer effectively create user-friendly and modern web applications.
Ability to work with Git control systems
The ability to work with a version control system such as Git is important as it allows developers to efficiently make, track and manage changes to Java code.
Ability to work with databases
Knowledge of how to effectively work with databases is essential for more complex programming tasks that have a wider range of functionality, in order to store and retrieve the necessary data.
Java libraries every mobile developer need to know
One of the distinctive features of Java is its multifunctional and extensive library base. Libraries are a set of ready functions, objects, models, classes, etc. used to address project tasks.
The skill of working with libraries is a must, as it reduces time input to create a project at all stages, reduces the number of errors in the code, and facilitates development.
The most common libraries used for Java applications are listed in the table below. No matter what project you want to implement, a developer will most likely need them:
Soft skill basics of Java developers
The soft skills to look for when you hire a dedicated Java developer include conflict resolution, clear communication, time management, being a team player, adaptability and problem solving.
Best Models for Hiring Java Programmers
There are four main engagement models to consider when you hire Java developers, which we’ll detail below.
Hiring in-house is the traditional way to hire a Java programmer. Hiring in this way enables you to thoroughly vet staff, build a close-knit team and maintain full control over the project.
However, you pay a premium for these benefits. Hiring in-house is typically the most expensive way to build a development team. It’s also time consuming to conduct a traditional hiring process – the average hiring process is 42 days.
Java freelancers potentially have the lowest rates out of all the hiring methods, which is the main upside to engaging a Java developer freelance worker. Java freelancing has fewer overheads, which allows for cheaper rates. However, engaging a Java freelancer also comes with some problems.
You have the least direct control over the work being done by a freelancer, who is outside any organizational constraints.
There’s also little recourse available if any problems crop up with Java freelance projects. Many of these workers are part time Java developers who are also working on other projects.
You can try discussing the issue with the freelancer. However, if they don’t want to play ball on the issue, there’s not much you can do but drop them from the project.
One way to hire the best Java programmers is to outsource teams. Outsourcing allows you to delegate software development to experts while you focus on your core business. This has the benefit of cutting down management time and also reducing costs compared.
If you work with a trusted software development agency with a strong track record of delivering software solutions, then you also have the benefit of oversight and structure to keep the developers accountable. No method is risk free, but using this method is safer than engaging freelancers.
Dedicated software development teams
The best place to engage dedicated software development teams is an agency which specializes in software development. Through building a thoroughly vetted and experienced team of developers for hire, a specialist agency can craft solutions and custom teams to meet your development requirements.
For this look no further than Lithuania’s JayDevs, which has a demonstrable track record of quality software development solutions. You can outline your developer requirements in our ‘Hire Developers’ button.
The Cost of Hire Dedicated Java Developer
The cost to hire dedicated Java developers can vary on a number of factors. Below we’ll discuss how experience level and the location in which you find a Java developer can affect the cost.
Annual salary by regions
The table below providing the average annual income in different countries will assist you. The values are taken from the Glassdoor:
Hourly rates depending on the region
Location can significantly affect the cost of hiring Java software developers. In the United States, the average hourly rate for a Java programmer is $50.87. However, to hire the best Java programmer can cost as much as $75 an hour, while beginner programmers can be hired for as little as $22.12 an hour.
If you hire Java programmers online who work outside the USA or Western Europe, you can make significant savings. For example, Lithuanian software development company JayDevs has senior Java developers and above who work for an hourly rate which ranges from $32 to $62.
Skill level is another factor which can impact the cost to hire software developers. As mentioned, in the USA an entry-level Java coder can be hired for as little as $22.12 an hour, while a Java expert can command as much as $75 an hour. So we can see that hiring experienced programmers can cost more than triple the amount it costs to hire a beginner.
Once you’ve decided where to hire programmers, you’ll need to put some thought into the best cooperation model for your Java development process. The cooperation model options are pay per project, hourly rate or hiring a dedicated Java developer through an agency.
Paying per project is a good solution if you know exactly what you need and you can outline it very clearly. The exact cost is also agreed on beforehand. However it can be time-consuming to fully outline a project in detail before starting and it makes it difficult to make changes on the fly. Also you have less direct control over the process.
Paying an hourly rate has the advantage of potentially lowering costs for the company, as you only have to pay directly for the hours worked. However this can lead to unpredictable costs, as the hours may run up more than anticipated. It also can lead to more staff turnover as staff aren’t locked in for the full project.
Hiring a dedicated Java developer through an agency has the advantage of being able to set the agreed monthly salary or project cost before starting. It’s also very scalable, as the agency can bring onboard more staff when needed, and is great for long-term projects as you can continue collaborating with the same agency and Java development team on an ongoing basis and they provide security in terms of keeping the required number of staff on the job.
It’s prudent to set out additional costs in an agreement before a project is started. This allows for unforeseen issues, such as complications which require the extension of a deadline, bringing additional resources to the table or extending the contract.
Types of IT solutions
Another factor to keep in mind is that the type of IT solutions can alter the cost for a project. More simple jobs like simple mobile applications or hiring a web developer can be done at standard rates, while cloud management systems or more complex applications can cost more.
Scale and complexity
The number of features, modules or complexity in a project can result in significant changes to the cost. Before engaging a developer it’s worth conducting an assessment on the scale and complexity of a project so an accurate cost assessment can be made.
Creating digital assets involves the use and creation of intellectual property, so when developing a product you’ll want to ensure it’s not infringing on copyright and that your own rights are protected.
When creating Java applications it’s therefore advisable to have staff sign a non-disclosure agreement to protect critical data.